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  Digital Catalogue for Technology and Products Development

   Technology and Product Development

    Basic Information

Technology developed: Integrated Solution for Forest Fire Detection based on WSN & Drone (TP19766555689)
Category: Product(Hardware/Material/Software)
Details of Inventor(s):
Inventor Institution/Organization/Company Department Designation
Sayantani Bhattacharya C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Joint Director
Sridevi S C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Joint Director
Poonguzhali P C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Joint Director
Sherin M A C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Joint Director
Raja M Vasudevan C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Principal Engineer
Shamshudeen J C-DAC, Chennai Ubiquitous Computing Group Project Engineer
Technical Application Area: Other
If 'Other', please specify:
Please give more details of new technical application area:
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) Chennai
Affiliated Ministry: MeitY, Govt. of India
Type of technology development: Indigenous
Does the technology help in replacing any import items currently
procured from outside India?
Does the technology have export potential? No
Category of Technology developed: Immediate Deployment
Stage of Development: Prototype Level
Please describe in detail including the TRL Level:
Forest Fire Detection based on Wireless Sensor Network and Drone aims to detect forest fire on near real time. Prototype of Forest Fire Detection based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has been designed & developed. This WSN based solution has been deployed in Kolasib, Mizoram. Total 12 nos of WSN nodes have been deployed in the field to collect environmental input 24x7 and send data to the server. Collected sensor data will be preprocessed and analyzed to detect forest fire on near real time basis. Upon detection alert will be triggered to fly Drone to capture live images of the suspected area to cross verify and validate the sensor input. It will also help to understand the severity and vastness of the fire. Based on the image input mitigation action can be planned by forest officials to tackle the fire at earliest.


Applications: The developed technology is currently used for forest fire detection. The underlying technology (WSN & Drone) can be utilized for the potential applications as listed (a) Forest Fire burnt area assessment (b) Wild life Monitoring (c) Smart City applications (d) Smart Building applications (e) Location based Services (f) Natural Disaster Monitoring and Rescue (g) Pollution Monitoring (h) Structural Health Monitoring (i) Smart Agriculture and Farming (j) Urban Planning (k) Law Enforcement & Surveillance
Advantages: Forest Survey of India (FSI) has been alerting State Forest Departments about forest fire locations based on both MODIS sensor and VIIRS sensor satellite data. In existing convetional fire alert system by FSI, alerts are generated only when there is a satellite overpass. There are 6 satellite overpasses in a day and all fires data active in between these satellite overpasses cannot be detected by the satellite based fire alert systems. So it is highly recommended to use the FSI forest fire alerts for strategic purposes and not to rely on these for tactical firefighting purposes fully. Other sources of forest fire detection such as watchtowers, ground based sensors, local information etc., wherever they are available should be relied upon as the primary source for forest fire detection. There are several reasons why satellite may not have detected a certain fire. (a) The fire may have started and ended between satellite overpasses. (b) The fire may have been too small or too cool to be detected (c) Cloud cover, heavy smoke, or tree canopy may completely obscure a fire. (d) The actual size of the actively burning area cannot be determined from satellite imagery Recent forest fire incidents of Uttarakhand and Theni, Tamilnadu which have taken a toll of around 20 human lives, have shown the urgency of developing a real time forest fire monitoring system with utmost priority. Hence, it will be quite logical to use WSN based solution to detect the problem in real time and sending alerts immediately to the end users. This prompt response will help to mitigate the impact of forest fires such as loss of human lives, loss of large green belt & areas of vegetation, economic loss and loss of carbon locked in the biomass every year.

    Technology Inputs:

Imported Equipment/Spare Parts:
Equipment/Spare Parts Year ITC-HS Code
Indigenous Equipment/Spare Parts:
Equipment/Spare Parts Year ITC-HS Code
Imported Raw Materials:
Raw Materials Year ITC-HS Code
Indigenous Raw Materials:
Raw Materials Year ITC-HS Code
Existing R&D Facilities used:
Facilities Year ITC-HS Code

    R&D Investment:

R&D investment (Rs. in Lakhs):                    
Indian Source (Rs.) Foreign Source (Rs.) Year
36 0 2019-20
9 0 2018-19

   Patents & Publications:

Filed Patents (No.) Granted Patents (No.) Year
0 0 NA
Submitted (No.) Published (No.) Year
0 0 NA

    Commercialization Potential:

Who are the Potential Licensees?
What commercially available products address
the same problem?
Company Product Problem Addressed
Would you like to develop this invention further with
corporate research support?
Would you be interested in participating in cluster based
programs for commercialization research or business
planning for your invention?
      Submitted by: Poonguzhali P Date of Submission: 5-8-2020

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