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Applicant:
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna 
Author:
Atul Kumar, Ajay D. Thakur 
Corresponding Authors:
A Kumar 
DOI #:
https://doi.org/10.7567/JJAP.57.08RC05 
Title:
Role of contact work function, back surface field, and conduction band offset in Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell 
Journal:
Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 
Year:
2018 
Volume:
57 
Page:
08RC05 
Keywords:
back surface field, solar cell 
Abstract:
We employ simulation based approach for enhancing the efficiency of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) based solar cells. Initial benchmarking of simulation with the experimentally reported solar cell in literature is performed by incorporating a suitable defect model. We then explore the effects of (a) conduction band offset (CBO) at CZTS/CdS junction, (b) back surface field (BSF) due to an additional layer with higher carrier density, and (c) high work function back contact. Efficiency is observed to improve by about 70% upon optimizing the above three parameters. We also observe that utilizing BSF in the configuration can reduce the high work function requirement of the back contact. A work function of 5.2 eV (e.g., using Ni), a BSF layer (e.g., using SnS), and a CBO of 0.1 eV (e.g., using ZnS) constitute an optimal configuration. 
Entered by:
Venkata Dantham on 2020-08-02 
 
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