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Applicant:
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna 
Author:
R. Pandey L. K. Pradhan, , S. Kumar, S. Supriya, R. Singh and M. Kar 
Corresponding Authors:
Manoranjan Kar 
DOI #:
https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5063775 
Title:
Correlation between Lattice strain and Physical (Magnetic, Dielectric and Magnetodielectric) properties of Perovskite-Spinel (Bi0.85La0.15FeO3)(1-x)- (NiFe2O4)(x) Composites 
Journal:
Journal of Applied Physics  
Year:
2019 
Volume:
125 
Page:
244105 
Keywords:
Lattice strain, Perovskite-Spinel 
Abstract:
Multiferroic composites are the current research interest due to their multi-functional behavior with promising electrical and magnetic properties compared to single crystallographic phase multiferroic materials. Hence, multiferroic composites of (1−x)Bi0.85La0.15FeO3-(x)NiFe2O4 (x = 0 to 0.50) have been investigated by considering Bi0.85La0.15FeO3 as a ferroelectric phase and NiFe2O4 as a magnetic phase. The crystal structure was examined by analyzing the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. Different crystal structure parameters were obtained from the Rietveld refinement of XRD patterns. An increase in the lattice parameters of both Bi0.85La0.15FeO3 (BLFO) and NiFe2O4 (NFO) phases has been observed with the increase in the percentage of NiFe2O4 in the composites. Absorption peaks in Raman spectra shift toward lower frequencies with the increase in the percentage of NFO in the composite. Variation of lattice parameters and shifting of the Raman modes suggest the lattice strain at the interfaces of BLFO and NFO. Theoretical magnetizations were calculated for all composites by using the sum rule (using the magnetization of individual phases) and compared with experimentally observed magnetization. Interestingly, the experimental values of magnetizations of the composites are more than the theoretically calculated ones. It could be due to the lattice strain, which was observed from the XRD and Raman analysis. 
Entered by:
Venkata Dantham on 2020-08-02 
 
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