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Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna 
R Pandey, L. K Pradhan, S Kumar and M. Kar,  
Corresponding Authors:
Manoranjan Kar 
DOI #: 
“Crystal structure, magnetic and dielectric properties of (1-x) BiFe0.80Ti0.20O3-(x)Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4 multiferroic composites 
Journal of alloy and compound 
CompositeLattice strainMultiferroicSol-gelCrystal structure 
(1-x)BiFe0.80Ti0.20O3–(x)Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4 multiferroic composites (x = 0.0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 and 1.0) was synthesized by the tartaric acid modified sol-gel method. The Rietveld refinements of all XRD patterns have been carried out to obtain the phase percentages of perovskite BiFe0.80Ti0.20O3 and spinel Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4. A change in the lattice parameters of the BFTO and CNFO phase in the composites have been observed, which could be due to strain at the interface of BFTO and CNFO. A change in the peak positions in the Raman spectra of BFTO and CNFO in the composite has been observed and it is well correlated with the XRD results. A significant increase in the magnetization has been observed due to incorporation of Co0.5Ni0.5Fe2O4 phase in the composite. Vegard's law was used to calculate the theoretical value of magnetization for all the composites and compared with the experimental value. Excess value of magnetization observed in the experimental data of composites as compared to the theoretically calculated value and, explained on the basis of interfacial strain effect. An enhancement in the dielectric properties has been observed in the composite system. A correlation between the structure, magnetic and dielectric properties has been reported by assuming strain at the interface of BFTO and CNFO phase. 
Entered by:
Venkata Dantham on 2020-08-02 
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