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Publication Details

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna 
A. Das, and P. Chakrabortty 
Corresponding Authors:
P. Chakrabortty 
DOI #: 
Influence of Motion Energy and Soil Characteristics on Seismic Ground Response of Layered Soil.  
International Journal of Civil Engineering,  
Lumped mass model, Nonlinear analysis, Large-scale heterogeneity, One-dimensional model, Numerical analysis 
The present study focuses on assessing local site effects (especially large-scale soil heterogeneity) and motion characteristics on seismic ground response using nonlinear one-dimensional numerical analysis. All nonlinear and curve-fitting parameters used for soil models were verified using the Class C1 prediction of centrifuge test results available in the literature. The comparison demonstrates that the available MKZ (pressure dependent Modified Kondner Zelesko) formulation with non-Masing hysteresis loading and unloading rule can reliably compute the 1-D ground response of cohesionless soil. Horizontal soil layers with different relative densities were considered next in various hypothetical models to assess the effect of subsurface properties on responses. One novel aspect of this study is that 51 different ground motions with a wide range of variation in their spectral accelerations, frequency contents, and duration characteristics were used to evaluate the effect of ground motion characteristics on the soil response. The results reveal that layering conditions play a significant role in modifying the seismic ground response of heterogeneous soil, especially when the loose liquefiable sand layer is sandwiched between two non-liquefiable soil layers. Relations were obtained to quantify the effect of different seismic inputs and varying site conditions on seismic ground response. The best correlation was obtained between the maximum excess pore water pressure (EPWP) development and the damage potential (Arias intensity) of an input ground motion. These relations can be used for estimating seismic ground response of an identical soil profile to that used in the present study for known design motion characteristics. 
Entered by:
Venkata Dantham on 2020-08-03 
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