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Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Patna 
Venkateswarlu, H. and Hegde, A.  
Corresponding Authors:
Venkateswarlu, H. and Hegde, A. 
DOI #: 
Numerical analysis of machine foundation resting on the geocell reinforcssed soil beds 
Geotechnical Engineering Journal of the SEAGS & AGSSEA 
Dynamic response, Machine Foundation, Geocell, Amplitude, PLAXIS 2D. 
The foundation beds are often subjected to dynamic loads due to many circumstances, such as earthquakes, traffic loads, and the machine vibrations in the case of the machine foundations. Excessive vibrations caused by the dynamic sources can lead to the structural damage of the foundation soil. Over the years, geosynthetics have been effectively used in reducing the settlement of the foundations under static loads. However, the performance of geosynthetics is not fully analyzed under the dynamic loads. In the present study, the numerical analyses have been carried out to understand the performance of the machine foundations resting on the geocell reinforced beds. The analyses were carried out by using finite element software PLAXIS 2D. The hypothetical case of the circular machine foundation of 1 m diameter resting on the saturated silty sand was analyzed. Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria was used to simulate the behavior of the soil. Initially, the numerical model was validated with the existing results reported in the literature. The validated numerical model was further used to investigate the performance of the machine foundations. Three different cases, namely, unreinforced, geogrid reinforced and geocell reinforced were considered. The response of all the cases was studied by varying the frequency of dynamic excitation and maintaining the constant force amplitude. The depth of the placement of the geocell and geogrid was also varied. At the optimum location of geocell, 61% reduction in the displacement amplitude was observed as compared to unreinforced foundation bed. Similarly, as compared to geogrid, more than 50% reduction in the displacement was observed in the presence of geocell. In addition, 40% reduction in peak particle velocity was observed in the presence of geocell at the center of the footing. The resonant frequency was found to vary with the reinforcement system. Furthermore, 163% increase in the damping ratio of the soil was observed in the presence of geocell. In this way, the study highlights the possible new applications of geocell in supporting the machine foundations 
Entered by:
Venkata Dantham on 2020-08-03 
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