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Central University of Tamil Nadu 
Kevin V. Alex, A. R. Jayakrishnan, Ajeesh Kumar S, A. Sulthan Ibrahim, K. Kamakshi, J. P. B. Silva, K. C. Sekhar and M. J. M. Gomes 
Corresponding Authors:
J. P. B. Silva, K. C. Sekhar 
DOI #:
Substrate temperature induced effect on microstructure, optical and photocatalytic activity of ultrasonic spray pyrolysis deposited MoO3 thin films 
Materials Research Express 
Semiconductor thin films, MoO3, Spray pyrolysis, Raman spectroscopy, Photodegradation, Substrate temperature 
In this work, the substrate temperature (TS) effect on the microstructure, optical and photocatalytic activity of spray pyrolysis deposited transparent molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) thin films is studied. Microstructure analysis reveals the coexistence of hexagonal and orthorhombic phases when TS ≤ 300 °C and the existence of the orthorhombic phase only when TS ≥ 400 °C. The SEM analysis suggests that the films consist of rod and spherical shaped grains. The dimensions of rods and spheres are found to be sensitive to TS and can be correlated to strain. The band gap is increased from 3.06 to 3.46 eV with TS. Photoluminescence analysis reveals that the emission corresponds to defects increased with Ts. The photocatalytic activity of MoO3 films deposited at various TS is evaluated by using 0.5 mM Rhodamin-B (Rh-B) dye aqueous solution as a template. The film deposited at 500 °C shows the maximum photodegradation efficiency due to its high structural sensitivity, surface selectivity and catalytic anisotropy. The variation in efficiency with TS is discussed based on the band bending effect, crystallographic orientation, surface morphology, defects concentration and light absorption capacity. The effect of irradiation time on photodegradation efficiency is also investigated. The MoO3 film shows photodegradation efficiency of 91% after two hour illumination and makes it suitable for photocatalytic applications. 
Entered by:
Koppole Chandra Sekhar on 2020-09-02 
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